Bird feeding

A chickadee and a goldfinch feast on black-oil sunflower seeds at a backyard bird feeder.

As backyard birders across New York and Pennsylvania pull their bird feeders out of storage and fill them with seeds for the first time this year, some interesting research has opened new views into the world of bird feeding.

In cleaning bird feeders, residual debris can really get the way of maximum cleanliness, according to researchers at Kutztown (Pa.) University.

Jim Eckstrom is executive editor of the Olean Times Herald and Bradford Publishing Co. His email is

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